(Puebla de Montalbán, Toledo, España, 1517 - Madrid, España, 1587)
"Francisco Hernández de Toledo o Francisco Hernández de Boncalo ( ca. 1514 a 1517, La Puebla de Montalbán, Toledo, España - 28 de enero 1587 en Madrid) fue un médico, ornitólogo y botánico español."
"Francisco Hernández de Toledo (La Puebla de Montalbán, Toledo 1514 - Madrid 28 January 1587) was a naturalist and court physician to the King of Spain. Hernández was among the first wave of Spanish Renaissance physicians practicing according to the revived principles formulated by Hippocrates, Galen and Avicenna. Hernández studied medicine and botany at the University of Alcalá and may have traveled between cities in Spain, as it was common among physicians seeking to make a name for themselves. Moving from Seville with his wife and children, Hernández served briefly in the Hospital y Monasterio de Guadalupe and then at the Hospital Mendoza in Toledo, where he gained prominence for his studies of medicinal botany and publication of a Castilian translation of a work on natural history by Pliny the Elder. In 1567 Hernández became a personal physician to King Philip II."
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