(Valparaíso, Chile, 1883 - Lima, Perú, 1953)
"Francisco García Calderón Rey (Valparaíso, Chile, 8 de abril de 1883 - Lima, Perú, 1 de julio de 1953) fue un filósofo, escritor y diplomático peruano. Perteneció a la llamada Generación del 900, junto con Ventura García Calderón, su hermana, Víctor Andrés Belaunde y José de la Riva-Agüero y Osma, líder del grupo. En general, tuvo influencia de Émile Boutroux, Raymond Poincaré y los monarquistas franceses seguidores de Charles Maurras, jefe de l'Action Francaise, poderoso movimiento intelectual de la época que buscaba el restablecimiento del Antiguo Régimen en Francia y estaba inspirado en el nacionalismo de Ernst Renan y otros. Nunca fue él mismo monárquico, como Riva-Agüero, pero tenía simpatías por los ensayos imperiales en México y Brasil durante el siglo XIX como remedio a la anarquía democrática."
"Francisco García Calderón Rey (April 8, 1883 in Valparaíso, Chile - July 1, 1953 in Lima, Peru) was a Peruvian writer. He was son of Francisco García Calderón. He was born into a wealthy and politically prominent family in Valparaiso, Chile on April 8, 1883. His father, for whom Calderón was named, was the President of Peru for a short time during the Chilean occupation of Peru. Calderón occasionally has "Rey" added to his name, to distinguish him from his father. After finishing a degree in law at the University of San Marcos, he pursued a career in public service and worked in the Ministry of Housing. He also served as president of Arequipa's constitutional congress and was a key figure in the final peace process between Peru and Chile. He was an author and diplomat who also became the Peruvian Minister to Belgium. He was also known for being part of what was called the "Generation of the 900," who were identified by having old Peruvian nobility in their blood and taking part in the Chilean-Peruvian conflict. After his father's death, Calderón and his family migrated to Paris. All of his works have been published by European companies. He also played a role in the Paris Peace conference of 1919, a meeting of the Allied Powers of World War I, who determined the fate of the Central Powers. With Latin America progressing into the 20th Century, many politicians expressed concerns with their countries' relationship with the United States. Calderón, having grown up with politics and politicians and having served as a diplomat as an adult, was concerned about the well-being of Latin America under the Monroe Doctrine and the Roosevelt Corollary. Both were American foreign policies restricting Latin America from reaching out to the European powers at that time and developing their own independent relationships with countries other than the United States. This made the United States the sole supporter of the western hemisphere and the only country that could intervene in any "wrongdoing" to Latin America. Francisco wrote a 400-page article concerning itself with Latin America and its U.S. foreign policies. It described what is called "Yankee imperialism." He died in Lima, Peru, on July 1, 1953."